Is the Great Rift Valley the birthplace of humanity?

Is the Great Rift Valley the birthplace of humanity?

The system of rift valleys that characterizes the African continent represents a perfect environment to understand the evolution of mankind; for the important paleoanthropological discoveries in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire, the African rift valleys are indeed considered the “cradle of mankind”, that is …

Is the Great Rift Valley still active?

The most well-known rift valley on Earth is probably the so-called “Great Rift Valley System” which stretches from the Middle East in the north to Mozambique in the south. The area is geologically active, and features volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, and frequent earthquakes.

What lives in the Rift Valley?

Mammals abound in the Great Rift Valley. Lions, leopards, African elephants, rhinos, buffaloes, cheetahs, giraffes, antelopes, zebras and primates ranging from mountain gorillas to chimpanzees all call the Africa’s Rift Valley home. Mountain gorillas are some of the most iconic animals endemic to the Rift Valley.

Where does the Great Rift Valley start and end?

Mount Longonot. View of Uganda from Cherubei Village, Kenya. The Great Rift Valley is part of an intra-continental ridge system that runs through Kenya from north to south. It is part of the Gregory Rift, the eastern branch of the East African Rift, which starts in Tanzania to the south and continues northward into Ethiopia.

Who was the first person to discover the Rift Valley?

Following on the mid- to late-19th-century work of dozens of explorers including the famous David Livingstone, the concept of an East African rift fracture was established by Austrian geologist Eduard Suess, and named the Great Rift Valley of East Africa in 1896 by British geologist John Walter Gregory.

Where are the mud flats in the Great Rift Valley?

The Suguta Valley, or Suguta Mud Flats, is an arid part of the Great Rift Valley directly south of Lake Turkana. The shield volcano Emuruangogolak straddles the valley to the south of Suguta, and further south Mount Silali and Paka rise from the valley floor.

Are there fossils in the Great Rift Valley?

The Tugen Hills to the west of Lake Baringo contain fossils preserved in lava flows from the period 14 to 4 million years ago. The relics of many hominids, ancestors of humans, have been found here. The valley is bordered by escarpments to the east and west.

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