What is one reason the Coast important in West Africa?
It is widely known that the coastal area of West Africa hosts vital natural resources as well as habitats that provide critical ecosystem services (Faye 2010a, b). The coastal area of West Africa is home to about a third of the population in the region and generates 56% of its Gross Domestic Product (World Bank 2019).
Why do people live on the coast in Africa?
For generations, coastal communities in West Africa have lived off the land and sea, depending on the region’s abundant natural resources for their nutrition, health and economic activity.
Is West Africa coastal?
West Africa’s coast is under stress from rampant development of coastal infrastructure, city expansions, population increase, and a blanket over use of natural resources. Development of Africa is important and should not be slowed.
Why is it important to protect the waters of the coast of West Africa?
If our West African waters are managed sustainably, they can be a resource for healthy fisheries and a source of food security for current and future generations. The right to food and a healthy environment is one of the most basic human rights that must be respected.
What are the famous coastal regions in Africa?
Here’s a small sample of Africa’s best beaches.
- Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. You really can walk across the Red Sea at Sharm el-Sheik.
- Watamu, Kenya.
- Diani Beach, Kenya.
- Nungwi, Zanzibar, Tanzania.
- Chitimba, Malawi.
- Anse Soleil, Mahe, Seychelles.
- Anse Source d’Argent, La Digue, Seychelles.
- Belle Mare, Mauritius.
What is the ocean to the west of Africa?
The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
Why are the coasts of Africa so important?
In northwest Africa, the coasts are economically important since a large part of the gross domestic product (GDP) is derived from coastal activities such as fishing, tourism and commerce. This is one reason why populations are concentrated along the coastline, with a rate of urbanization slightly higher than the interiors.
What to do about coastal erosion in West Africa?
Even the retreat option would have a cost – both economically and socially. The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO is implementing the project Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal zones of West Africa (ACCC) which is a tentative response to the problem of coastal erosion.
Why are cities building further into the sea?
Cities have been creeping further into the ocean ever since we first starting building harbours. Land reclamation is big business and today, numerous countries are ‘taking back’ land from the sea to expand their coastlines and territory.