What is the climate like in low latitudes?
Highland Climates of Low Latitudes: These climates are cool to cold, usually moist, and occupy mountains and high plateaus. Generally, the higher the location, the colder and wetter the climate. Temperatures are lower since air temperatures in the atmosphere normally decrease with altitude.
What is the climate in Africa generally?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
What is the low temperature in Africa?
WMO Region I (Africa): Lowest Temperature
|Record Value||-23.9°C (-11°F)|
|Date of Event||11/2/1935|
|Length of Record||1912-present|
|Instrumentation||Maximum/Minimum Thermometer in Standard Stevenson Screen|
|Geospatial Location||Ifrane, Morocco [33°30’N,5°06’W, 1635 m (5364 ft)]|
What are the major climate zones in Africa?
In this atlas, the African continent is divided into 6 climate types distributed symmetrically around the equator as equatorial, humid tropical, dry tropical, Sahelian, desert and Mediterranean climate types.
Is low latitude hot or cold?
When we consider Latitude alone as a control, we know that the low latitudes (say from the Equator to approximately 30 degrees N/S) are the warmest across the year (on an annual basis).
What are the two low latitude climates?
There are four low-latitude climates: wet equatorial, monsoon and trade-wind coastal , wet-dry tropical, and dry tropical . …
What kind of climate is found in low latitudes?
Wet-dry tropical low-latitude climates typically result in savanna or grasslands, like those found in much of Africa. This type of climate has slightly more temperature fluctuation throughout the year, but instead of summer and winter, there is a wet season and a dry season.
How does the location of Africa affect its climate?
A number of factors influence the climate of the African continent. First, most of the continent—which extends from 35° S to about 37° N latitude—lies within the tropics. Second, the near bisection of the continent by the Equator results in a largely symmetrical arrangement of climatic zones on either side.
What kind of climate does northern Africa have?
At this season the whole of northern Africa (except the Atlas Mountains) is under the dry continental tropical air mass, while Southern Africa receives rainfall except in the Cape region and on the southwest coast, where the maritime air mass remains stable offshore over the cool Benguela Current.
What kind of weather is in South Africa?
The three high that affect South Africa are the South Atlantic High, Kalahari High and the South Indian High. This subsiding air generally results in clear skies and sunshine, which is found over most of Southern Africa Latitudinal position also allows the influence of mid-latitude cyclones.