What role did Henry Morton Stanley play in Africa?
Henry Morton Stanley, in full Sir Henry Morton Stanley, original name John Rowlands, Congolese byname Bula Matari (“Breaker of Rocks”), (born January 28, 1841, Denbigh, Denbighshire, Wales—died May 10, 1904, London, England), British American explorer of central Africa, famous for his rescue of the Scottish missionary …
What did Henry Stanley do in the Congo?
In 1887, Henry Morton Stanley went up the Congo River and inadvertently started a disastrous experiment. This was long after his first journey into Africa, as a journalist for an American newspaper in 1871, when he’d become famous by finding a Scottish missionary and reporting the first words of their encounter: “Dr.
What did Stanley discover in Africa?
Stanley became the first person to circumnavigate Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest body of water, and he later charted Lake Tanganyika before venturing 1,800 miles down the Congo River to the Atlantic Ocean.
What was Henry Morton Stanley’s job in the Congo what did he do and what were his methods?
Having established a beachhead on the lower Congo, in 1883 Stanley set out upriver to extend Leopold’s domain, employing his usual methods: negotiations with local chiefs buying sovereignty in exchange for bolts of cloth and trinkets; playing one tribe off another; and if need be, simply shooting an obstructive chief …
Why did Dr Livingstone go to Africa?
David Livingstone moved to Africa in 1841 as a “medical missionary”. However, he believed his spiritual calling lay in exploration (with the aim of finding commercial trade routes to displace those of the slave trade), rather than preaching.
How did Stanley help start imperialism in Africa?
In 1874, the New York Herald and the Daily Telegraph financed Stanley on another expedition to Africa. His ambitious objective was to complete the exploration and mapping of the Central African Great Lakes and rivers, in the process circumnavigating Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika and locating the source of the Nile.
What was King Leopold’s goal?
The king’s stated goal was to bring civilization to the people of the Congo, an enormous region in Central Africa. (Believing one people is more civilized than another is wrong.) Leopold’s reign over the Congo Free State, however, has become infamous for its brutality.
Why did an American newspaper hire Henry Stanley and what was Dr Livingstone doing in Africa?
In 1867, Stanley became special correspondent for the New York Herald. Two years later he was commissioned by the paper to go to Africa and search for Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone, of whom little had been heard since 1866 when he had set off to search for the source of the Nile.
What made the scramble for Africa possible?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.