What two factors influence East Africa climate?
The primary factors affecting the climates experienced in East Africa include altitude, the proximity of the warm Indian Ocean, the migration of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and the location of dominant atmospheric high and low pressure systems.
What factors influence the climate of Africa?
The most important natural factors are:
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How does the climate affect East Africa?
potentially devastating impacts of climate change in East Africa will be changes in the frequency, intensity, and predictability of precipitation. Changes in regional precipitation will ultimately affect water availability and may lead to decreased agricultural production and potentially widespread food shortages.
What are the factors that influence the climate?
Factors that Influence Climate
- Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases.
- Prevailing global wind patterns.
- Effects of Geography.
- Surface of the Earth.
- Climate change over time.
What factors influence weather climate?
The three main factors of weather are light (solar radiation), water (moisture) and temperature.
What are the 6 factors that affect climate?
LOWER is an acronym for 6 factors that affect climate.
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator.
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures.
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure.
What cultures have influenced life in East Africa?
The Portuguese, Germans, French, British and Italians all controlled large portions of East Africa during the colonial period; all of these countries influenced the local culture significantly.
Which African country is most affected by climate change?
The Global Climate index ranks Mozambique as the country most affected by climate change after it took a 12.6% GDP knock on its economy in 2019 and suffered $4.9 billion losses in monetary terms from the impacts of climate change that resulted in the deaths of 700 Mozambicans.
What are the 4 factors that affect weather?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
What are the two factors that influence weather and climate?
The factors that influence climate are: pressure and wind. ocean currents. mountain barriers.
What factors interact and influence weather and climate?
What are the five factors that affect climate?
The elements affecting the climate are latitude, altitude and pressure and winds, distance from the sea (continentality), ocean currents and relief features.
- Latitude and altitude: The most important climatic control is latitude.
How is the climate of East Africa affected?
The climate is basically influenced by the seasonal winds known as the monsoon winds. These seasonal winds affect the coastal areas of E.Africa i.e. the N.E & S.E monsoons tend to bring in heavy rainfall. The rainfall is high and ranges between 1000mm and 1800mm. Since the coastal regions are at a lower altitude, high temperatures are experienced.
What are the factors that influence the weather in South Africa?
Xtra Geography: In this lesson we take a look at factors that determine the weather of South Africa as well as identification of the three anticyclones.
How does altitude and altitude affect the climate?
There are lots of factors that influence our climate. Elevation or Altitude effect climate Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. “Life zones” on a high mountain reflect the changes, plants at the base are the same as those in surrounding countryside, but no trees at all can grow above the timberline.
What is the climate like in Equatorial Africa?
Typical equatorial climate is characterised by; a) Heavy rainfall of about 2000mm evenly distributed throughout the year. b) Temperatures are high with an average of 27°C c) High humidity of about 80% or more. This is because of evaporation and heavy rainfall is received. d) Double maxima of rain i.e. there are two rainfall peaks received.