What was the significance of the Great Trek?
The Great Trek led directly to the founding of several autonomous Boer republics, namely the South African Republic (also known simply as the Transvaal), the Orange Free State, and the Natalia Republic.
What was the Great Trek for kids?
The Great Trek began in 1835. More than 10,000 farmers left the Cape Colony. They took about 10,000 black workers and large herds of cattle with them. The farmers mostly traveled by horse and ox wagon.
When did the Great Trek start?
Great Trek/Start dates
Who were the Trek Boers in South Africa?
South Africa pastoralists—the Boers, also called trekboers—began to move inland beyond the Hottentots Holland Mountains with their own herds. The Khoekhoe chiefdoms were largely decimated by the end of the 18th century, their people either dead or reduced to conditions close to serfdom on colonial farms.
What are the effects of the Great Trek?
As a result of the Trek, the Afrikaners remained politically divided for many years. Furthermore, the Trek resulted in the cultural and economic isolation of the Boers. The Great Trek increased the conflicts between the Boers and indigenous tribes, but, on the other hand stimulated trade between black and white groups.
What happened during the Great Trek?
Great Trek, Afrikaans Groot Trek, the emigration of some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers from Cape Colony in South Africa between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against the policies of the British government and in search of fresh pasturelands.
What are the effects of Great Trek?
What 2 nations did the Boers create?
Two of the Boer Republics achieved international recognition and complete independence: the South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR; or Transvaal) and the Orange Free State.
When did the Great Trek end?
February 23, 1854
Great Trek/End dates
Why did the Boers move north in the Great Trek?
No longer wishing to live under British rule and vulnerable to attack by neighbouring African tribes, many Boers began to move north. This migration of more than 10,000 Boers became known as the Great Trek. Following the custom of their forefathers, the Boers believed a farm should be at least 2400 ha in area.
What was the Great Trek in South Africa?
…a movement known as the Great Trek, parties of Voortrekkers (“Pioneers”), with their families and dependents, departed the Cape Colony. Their exodus was to become the central saga of 20th-century Afrikaner nationalism. Beyond the confines of the colony, they established separate republics in Natal, the Orange Free State, and the….
What was the purpose of the Great Trek?
Great Trek. The Great Trek (Afrikaans: Die Groot Trek; Dutch: De Grote Trek) was an eastward migration of Dutch-speaking settlers who travelled by wagon trains from the Cape Colony into the interior of modern South Africa from 1836 onwards, seeking to live beyond the Cape’s British colonial administration.
Which is the least difficult mountain trek in Africa?
The trek to the summit takes you through 5 different climatic zones. More than 20,000 people attempt the climb every year. Routes vary in degree of difficulty, traffic, and scenic beauty. The least difficult routes are Marangu and Rongai; the more difficult routes are Machame, Shira, and Lemosho.
Who are the leaders of the Great Trek?
The Trekkers were in three main groups; The main leaders of the Great Trek were among others Piet Retief, Louis Trighardt, Potgieter Hedrick, Van Rensburg and Sarel Cilliers. It is not easy to determine when the Great Trek ended.