What were the 2 ancient civilizations?
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. All the major ancient civilizations—in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus valley, and China—emerged in the 4th millennium bc. Historians still debate over which one emerged first. It may well have been in the Middle East, in an area called the Fertile Crescent.
What are two important kingdoms of ancient Africa?
7 Influential African Empires
- The Kingdom of Kush. Meroë is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile app.
- The Land of Punt. Papyrus showing preparations for an Egyptian journey to Punt. (
- Carthage. Tunisia, Carthage. (
- The Kingdom of Aksum.
- The Mali Empire.
- The Songhai Empire.
- The Great Zimbabwe.
- 7 Brutal Sieges.
What were the first civilizations of Africa?
Africa’s first great civilization emerged in ancient Egypt in c. 3400 BC. Carthage was founded by Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. Ancient civilization, based around the River Nile in Egypt, which emerged 5,000 years ago and reached its peak in the 16th century BC.
Which civilization is the oldest civilization?
The Sumerian civilization is the oldest civilization known to mankind. The term Sumer is today used to designate southern Mesopotamia. In 3000 BC, a flourishing urban civilization existed. The Sumerian civilization was predominantly agricultural and had community life.
Is there such a thing as an ancient African Civilization?
Ancient Egypt was one of the earliest civilizations to arise anywhere on Earth. We don’t normally think of ancient Egypt as an ancient African civilization, but Egypt is located on the African continent and its people are therefore Africans.
What was the most important contribution of African Civilization?
The Age of metals also reveals the contributions of African Civilization. Besides Iron, one of the most valuable achievements in human history is the creation and manipulation of elements in general exemplefied in the art of metallurgy which comes in as Africa’s sixth contribution to civilization
How did African civilization spread around the world?
The African contribution to theIron Age is also significant and is another aspect of African Civilization that spread around the world. Africa didn’t even have a Bronze Age, and went from the Stone Age straight into iron which is very unique.
Which is the most influential Empire in Africa?
7 Influential African Empires. From ancient Sudan to medieval Zimbabwe, get the facts on seven African kingdoms that made their mark on history. Meroë is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile app. 200 km north-east of Khartoum, Sudan.