Where are Aerophones found?
Archaeological studies have found examples of globular flutes in ancient Mexico, Colombia and Peru, and multiple tubular flutes were common among the Maya and Aztec. The use of shells of Conches as an aerophone have also been found to be prevalent in areas such as Central America and Peru.
What are the traditional African aerophone?
Aerophones; any class of musical instruments in which a vibrating mass of air produces the initial sound including bull roarers and sirens. They are found in many countries throughout Africa and are normally incorporated with dancing, the musicians having to synchronize their footwork along with playing their notes!
What instrument originated in Africa?
Played like the xylophone, the balafon is a percussion instrument and can be found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mali, and Burkina Faso. It has been in recorded history since the 14th century and according to oral history (told by griots), the instrument originated from Mali.
Which of the following is an example of aerophone?
A few examples of the most well-known aerophone instruments include the trumpets, clarinet, piccolo, flute, saxophone, accordion, tuba, harmonica, horn, accordion, and whistle. These instruments sound well when they are played as a band.
How do they call a wooden xylophone in Africa?
It is known in Latin America as a marimba (one of its African names) and was probably taken there by African slaves; xylophones with calabash resonators exist in the Bantu-language areas of Africa under the name marimba. Other common names for such instruments in West Africa are balo or balafon.
What are the wind instruments of Africa?
Of the wind instruments proper, the three main divisions—flutes, reed pipes, and trumpets—are all well represented, though the second of these is more restricted in distribution than the others.
Are maracas African?
Maracas. Originally from West Africa and known as shekere, this percussion instrument is usually a gourd, either filled with beads, seeds or stones (axatse), or covered by stringed beads (shekere). When shaken or slapped, it produces a variety of musical effects.
Who made Kulintang?
Through the work of Professor Robert Garfias, both Cadar and Kalanduyan began teaching and performing traditional kulintang music in the United States during the late 20th century; quite unexpectedly, the music became a bridge between contemporary Filipino American culture and ancient Philippine tribal traditions.
What does aerophone mean?
Aerophone, any of a class of musical instruments in which a vibrating mass of air produces the initial sound. The word aerophone replaces the term wind instrument when an acoustically based classification is desired.
Is a xylophone wooden or metal?
The Xylophone is made of Xylos, aka wood. Metal bars and Wooden bars.
What is an African xylophone called?
Marimba is one of many African names for the xylophone, and, because African instruments bearing this name frequently have a tuned calabash resonator for each wooden bar, some ethnomusicologists use the name marimba to distinguish gourd-resonated from other xylophones. Marimba.
What are the use of aerophones in Africa?
Lip-vibrated aerophones made from a variety of materials are widespread in Africa. Apart from musical uses, some serve for signaling. In West Africa, side-blown ivory or horn instruments may transmit verbal praises of chiefs and rulers.
How are aerophones classified in the musical system?
Aerophones are one of the four main classes of instruments in the original Hornbostel–Sachs system of musical instrument classification, which further classifies aerophones by whether or not the vibrating air is contained within the instrument. The first class ( 41) includes instruments which, when played, do not contain the vibrating air.
What are the different types of African music instruments?
African music instruments are divided into five main categories: aerophones, membranophones, idiophones, chordophones, and percussion. Aerophones refer to wind instruments; chordophones are all instruments with strings; idiophones are those that can be rattled or shaken; membranophones include all varieties of drums.
How are African aerophones related to Arab zurna?
Despite local variations, they are basically related to the Arab zūrnā, having a disk (or pirouette) below the reed that supports the player’s lips. Lip-vibrated aerophones made from a variety of materials are widespread in Africa. Apart from musical uses, some serve for signaling.