Where is the Sahel desert located on a map of Africa?
Sahel is a transitional zone separating the Sudanian Savannah on the south to the Saharan desert to the north. The area is located in the northern part of Africa stretching from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean covering a distance of 3,360 miles and an area of 1,178,850 square miles.
Which area is located immediately south of the Sahel?
The Sudan, or Sudanian Region, consists of a very large belt immediately south of the Sahel, with average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,200 mm and an ecologically dry season of 5 to 7 months. It is the domain of the savanna — ranging from open tree savannas to wooded savannas to open woodlands.
Is Sahel a poor country?
With up to 80% of its people living on less than $2 a day, poverty is more widespread in the Sahel than in most other parts of Africa. The Sahel’s population growth rate also is among the world’s highest.
What does the Sahel look like?
It is a transitional ecoregion of semi-arid grasslands, savannas, steppes, and thorn shrublands lying between the wooded Sudanian savanna to the south and the Sahara to the north. The topography of the Sahel is mainly flat; most of the region lies between 200 and 400 meters (660 and 1,310 ft) in elevation.
What animals live in the Sahel?
The animal life of the Sudan and of the Sahel is rich and varied. Large herbivorous mammals include gazelles, antelopes, giraffes, and elephants. The main carnivores are lions, panthers, and hyenas.
Why is the Sahel so poor?
The Sahel region receives limited annual rainfall and experiences frequent droughts. This poses enormous obstacles to poverty reduction and food security. Severe droughts that have occurred between 1970 and 1993 have caused major losses in agricultural production and livestock, according to UNEP.
Can people live in the Sahel?
Both desert and grazing land, the Sahel has attracted a population as varied as its environment. Some are semi-nomadic cattle herders, moving with the seasonal flooding of the Niger. Others are farmers, eking out a living from millet and sorghum.
Where do people in Sahel live?
This article focuses on the 10 countries that make up the Sahel region—Burkina Faso, Chad, Eritrea, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Sudan (see map). These 10 countries span over 7 million square kilometers and have close to 135 million inhabitants.
What is Sahel known for?
The Sahel is endowed with great potential for renewable energy and sits atop some of the largest aquifers on the continent. Potentially one of the richest regions in the world with abundant human, cultural and natural resources.
Where is the Sahel region located in Africa?
The Sahel region of Africa is an ecological belt that stretches from the Atlantic coast of Senegal in the west to the shores of the Red Sea in Sudan. It extends for approximately 3,360 miles and acts as a transitional ecoregion between the Sahara desert to the north and the more humid and tropical savanna to the south.
How long is the Sahel desert in miles?
It extends for approximately 3,360 miles and acts as a transitional ecoregion between the Sahara desert to the north and the more humid and tropical savanna to the south. In the recent decades, the Sahel region has been experiencing high levels of desertification due to human activities and climate change.
What kind of plants live in the Sahel region?
An adenium flower, which is native to the Sahel region of Africa. 5. Description The Sahel region of Africa is an ecological belt that stretches from the Atlantic coast of Senegal in the west to the shores of the Red Sea in Sudan.
Who was in control of the Sahel region?
During the colonization of the continent, the region became an essential part of the slave trade, and the French took control of the region as part of the French West Africa. The east of the region was annexed by Egypt and remained under the Islamic rule.