Which are the two water bodies that are located east of Africa?

Which are the two water bodies that are located east of Africa?

Africa is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Red Sea to the northeast, Indian Ocean to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

What plates formed the East African Rift Valley?

Millions of years ago, the Arabian Peninsula was connected to Africa. Seafloor spreading caused the Arabian and African plates to rift apart. The Indian Ocean flooded the rift valley between the continents, creating the Red Sea. Today, Africa and Asia are connected by the triangle of the Sinai Peninsula.

What type of plate boundary is the East African Rift?

divergent plate boundary
The East African Rift Valley (EAR) is a developing divergent plate boundary in East Africa. Here the eastern portion of Africa, the Somalian plate, is pulling away from the rest of the continent, that comprises the Nubian plate.

What are the names of the 2 mountain landforms in Eastern Africa?

The mountains are related to the East African Rift, and are in two chains, the Western Rift includes the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, and the Rwenzori Range, while the mountains to the east include the largest peaks in Africa: the snow-covered Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895m, 19,340 ft), and Mount Kenya (5,199m.

Is the African continent splitting apart?

Scientists say a new ocean will form in Africa as the continent continues to split into two. It is an active continental rift that began millions of years ago, splitting at 7mm annually.

Is the East Pacific Rise a divergent boundary?

The East Pacific Rise is a “divergent” plate boundary, where huge slabs of the Earth’s crust (plates) are moving away from each other.

Is the Antarctic plate convergent or divergent?

Divergent Boundaries -The Antarctic forms an underwater divergent boundary with the Pacific Plate and the South American Plate.

Where are the Eastern Highlands located in Africa?

Eastern Highlands. The Eastern or ‘East African Highlands’ is a mountain range in the east of Zimbabwe and one of four distinct physiographic divisions on the African continent. It extends for about 300 kilometres (190 mi) along Zimbabwe’s eastern border with Mozambique. The range comprises three main mountain groups – Nyanga (to the north)…

What are the names of the lakes in East Africa?

Its eastern and southern shores are bounded by rocky margins of volcanic origin; the lower western and northern shores are mostly composed of sandy sediments. South of Lake Magadi the splaying continuation of the Eastern Rift into northern Tanzania is indicated by Lakes Natron, Manyara, and Eyasi.

Is the East African Rift part of the Great Rift Valley?

East African Rift. In the past, it was considered to be part of a larger Great Rift Valley that extended north to Asia Minor . The rift is a narrow zone that is a developing divergent tectonic plate boundary, where the African Plate is in the process of splitting into two tectonic plates, called the Somali Plate and the Nubian Plate,…

What are the natural features of the Eastern Highlands?

Running alongside the Mozambican border for some 300 kilometres, the Eastern Highlands is a mountainous area of spectacular natural beauty: rolling hills, green forests, rugged peaks, misty valleys, deep gorges, cascading waterfalls, and sparkling rivers and lakes.

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