Which areas in Africa are at risk of drought?
Based on exposure measured as a function of the density of agricultural production per square kilometer, the risks associated with drought are greatest in southwestern Ethiopia and western Kenya.
Which regions are prone to drought?
The Most Drought Prone Countries in the World
- Ethiopia. Poor harvests and recurrent insecurity in some regions of Ethiopia has led to food instability and falling food reserves across the country.
- Sudan. About 2.8 million people in Sudan are affected by drought every year.
Where do droughts occur in Africa?
Much of the Eastern Cape province in South Africa has been experiencing a severe drought since 2015. This drought has had major socio-economic effects particularly on the large impoverished rural population as well as on some urban areas where supplied water services have broken down in several cases.
Why is Africa at risk of drought?
Niger and Chad indicate the highest drought risk ratios among other African countries, which is attributed to substantial population growth as well as increasing drought hazard due to climate change.
What is the deadliest drought in history?
Dust Bowl” drought
The 1930s “Dust Bowl” drought remains the most significant drought—meteorological and agricultural—in the United States’ historical record.
What was the longest drought in history?
The three longest drought episodes occurred between July 1928 and May 1942 (the 1930s Dust Bowl drought), July 1949 and September 1957 (the 1950s drought), and June 1998 and December 2014 (the early 21st-century drought).
What was the longest drought in Australia?
The Federation Drought from 1895 to 1903 was the worst in Australia’s history, if measured by the enormous stock losses it caused.
How long was the longest drought in history?
When was the last drought in East Africa?
The average was calculated from rainfall observed between March and June from 1995 through 2008. The northern Sahel and East Africa were drier than normal throughout the 2009 rainy season. The drought caused food and water shortages in Kenya.
Why was there a drought in June 2009?
Green areas indicate better-than-average growth, while cream-colored areas are regions where growth was about average. A strip of brown lines the top of the Sahel and extends down through East Africa. The poor growth in June 2009 is the result of a weak rainy season.
Who are the scientists who are studying the drought in Africa?
Images created by Jesse Allen, using GIMMS NOAA-17 AVHRR and Africa Rainfall Estimate data provided by Ed Pak, Jennifer Small and Assaf Anyamba, NASA GIMMS Group at Goddard Space Flight Center. Caption by Holli Riebeek with information from Assaf Anyamba.
How is the Sahel region affected by the drought?
Called the Sahel, the region thrives or fails depending on seasonal rainfall, which comes primarily in a handful of weeks during the rainy season. In dry years, little grows, and those who depend on rain to grow crops in the Sahel may face hunger. In wet years, crops grow well, providing a source of income and food for people in many countries.