Who are the presidents of Sao Tome and Principe?
The following is a list of presidents of São Tomé and Príncipe, since the establishment of the office of president in 1975. ↑ Briefly deposed in the 1995 coup d’état.
What are the challenges of Sao Tome and Principe?
The biggest challenges for the economy of São Tomé and Príncipe are limited workforce, the fact that São Tomé and Príncipe is an archipelago, small domestic market, climatic fluctuations, global warming, scarce diplomatic resources and reducing poverty.
When did the Portuguese first come to Sao Tome and Principe?
The volcanic soils of basalts and phonolites, dating to 3 million years, have been used for plantation crops since colonial times. The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived sometime around 1470. The first Europeans to put ashore were João de Santarém and Pêro Escobar.
How tall are the peaks of Sao Tome and Principe?
São Tomé is 50 km (30 mi) long and 30 km (20 mi) wide and the more mountainous of the two islands. Its peaks reach 2,024 m (6,640 ft) – Pico de São Tomé. Príncipe is about 30 km (20 mi) long and 6 km (4 mi) wide. Its peaks reach 948 m (3,110 ft) – Pico de Príncipe.
What kind of weapons does Sao Tome and Principe have?
Roundel of the Air Force. According to Jane’s, São Tomé and Príncipe’s military is equipped largely with low technology small arms, rocket launchers and some heavy machine guns.
Is there an Air Force in Sao Tome and Principe?
There is no air force. Since the end of the Cold War, the nation’s military budget has been steadily decreased. Despite the discovery of large oil reserves in the mid-2000s the Sao Tomean military is largely reliant upon foreign financial assistance, and it remains the least funded force in Africa.
How big is the Coast Guard in Sao Tome?
Sao Tome has an exclusive economic zone of 142,563 square kilometers, and a naval force of around fifty volunteers. The country’s coast guard’s main role is the protection of this EEZ, and the areas where oil and gas exploration are being considered.