Who founded Kabul?
Ahmad Shāh Durrānī
Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1723–1773), the founder of the Durrani Empire and regarded as the founder of present-day Afghanistan. The Pashtun Rulers: In 1504 the region fell under a new empire, the Mughals of northern India, who for the next two centuries contested Afghan territory with the Iranian Safavi Dynasty.
What is Afghanistan official name?
Formal Name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (Dowlat-e Eslami-ye-Afghanestan).
What is the old name of Kabul?
The Chinese traveler Xuanzang (fl. 7th century CE) recorded the city as Kaofu. The name “Kabul” was first applied to the Kabul river before being applied to the area situated between the Hindu Kush and Sindh (present-day Pakistan). This area was also known as Kabulistan.
What language is spoken in Afghanistan?
There are between 40 and 59 languages spoken in Afghanistan. Dari and Pashto are the official and most widely spoken languages, by 77% and 48% of the population respectively. Dari, or Farsi, is the official name of the variety of Persian spoken in the country, and is widely used as a lingua franca.
What is the old name of China?
Under the Ming, China was the ‘Great Ming,’ under the Qing, China was the ‘Great Qing,’ and so on. Yet on unofficial documents, the name ‘Zhongguo’ lived on. The full given name of China today is ‘Zhonghua Renmin Gong He Guo,’ or People’s Republic of China.
Who named Afghanistan?
The name “Afghanistan” is described by the 16th century Mughal Emperor Babur in his memoirs as well as by the later Persian scholar Firishta and Babur’s descendants, referring to the traditional ethnic Pashtun territories between the Hindu Kush mountains and the Indus River.
What is the population of the capital of Afghanistan?
Kabul is the capital city of Afghanistan and the largest urban center. It is situated in the eastern part of the country. It has a population of approximately 4.6 million people comprised of various ethnic groups. The city was damaged by fighting that took place between 1979 and 2001, but rapid growth has put the city at the 64th largest worldwide.
Which is the fastest growing city in Afghanistan?
Kabul is the only city in Afghanistan with a population in excess of a million, and it is now one of the fastest growing cities in the world. The other key cities in the country include Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-e Sharif, and Jalalabad – each of these have populations ranging from around 300,000 (Jalalabad) to 500,000 (Kandahar).
Which is the largest urban center in Afghanistan?
The Darul Aman Palace is the planned home of Afghanistan’s parliament. Editorial credit: Luks23 / Shutterstock.com. Kabul is the capital city of Afghanistan and the largest urban center.
When did Kabul become the capital of the Mughal Empire?
During the thirteen century, Kabul was extensively damaged by the Mongol aggressor, Genghis Khan. Despite the constant destruction, Kabul remained the capital city of the Mughal dynasty from 1504 until 1738.