Who made Benin bronze?

Who made Benin bronze?

They were created from at least the 16th century onwards in the West African Kingdom of Benin, by specialist guilds working for the royal court of the Oba (king) in Benin City.

What is the Benin bronze head?

The Benin Bronzes are a group of more than a thousand metal plaques and sculptures that decorated the royal palace of the Kingdom of Benin in what is now Nigeria. Collectively, the objects form the best-known examples of Benin art, and were created from the thirteenth century onwards by artists of the Edo people.

How many Benin Bronzes are there?

The Benin Bronzes are a group of thousands of objects that were taken from the kingdom of Benin, in what is now Nigeria, in 1897. (Their exact number is unknown, though it is believed to exceed 3,000.)

Why did the British steal the Benin Bronzes?

Historians say Benin City, formerly known as Edo, boasted earthen walls longer than the Great Wall of China. It was also said to be one of the first cities with a form of street lighting. British troops razed the whole city to the ground in 1897 to avenge the killing of an earlier force.

How can you tell if bronze is real?

One simple test is to apply a magnet to the artwork and see if it sticks there. Iron is highly magnetic, and you’ll feel the pull in the magnet. If you set a magnet on bronze, it’ll fall off. Also, watch for patches of corrosion, because bronze doesn’t rust.

What is the religion of Benin?

According to the 2013 census, 48.5 percent of the population is Christian, 27.7 percent is Muslim (mostly Sunni), 11.6 percent practice Voodoo, 2.6 percent are members of indigenous religious groups, 2.6 percent are members of other religious groups, and 5.8 percent declare no religious affiliation.

Where is bronze found in Nigeria?

Archaeology of Igbo-Ukwu

Intricate bronze ceremonial pot, 9th century, Igbo-Ukwu
Shown within Nigeria
Location Igbo-Ukwu, Anambra State, Nigeria
Coordinates 6°1′N 7°1′ECoordinates: 6°1′N 7°1′E
History

What is true of the Benin sculptural heads?

Benin sculptors made heads of former kings and queens, which were used in elaborate rituals. These heads were displayed on altars to honor the ancestors of the Oba, who, like the Ife kings, were believed to be gods. Some of the heads have a circular space on top in which elaborately carved ivory tusks were placed.

Do museums steal artifacts?

Museums around the world contain pieces that were stolen or taken by force during colonial rule. Today, many museums around the world contain art and artifacts that were stolen from their countries of origin during colonial rule or looted during war.

What can we learn from the art of Benin?

Craft workers in Benin used lots of different materials. People worked with clay, wood and leather. Weavers used fibres from plants to make colourful cloth. The most precious materials were brass, coral and ivory.

How much money did Britain take from Africa?

They collectively control over $1 trillion worth of Africa’s most valuable resources. The UK government has used its power and influence to ensure that British mining companies have access to Africa’s raw materials. This was the case during the colonial period and is still the case today.

Is bronze worth any money?

Is Bronze worth any money? Bronze is a great metal to scrap and is always worth more than brass, but less then copper. Bronze generally consists of 90 percent copper and 10 percent zinc. Bronze has a high scrap value when you want to cash it in.

Why are Benin bronze figures important to Nigeria?

The Benin Bronze figures are a significant cultural heritage in Nigeria. For instance, Nigeria used original mask head of the Queen Mother, Idia, during World Festival of Arts and Culture, FESTAC, in 1977.

Why did the Portuguese buy art from Benin?

Thus, some of the Benin signature head bronze works were representations of the Portuguese sailors as a result of their activities and early contact with the people of Benin and also because they were buying the Benin Art.

What was the previous record for a Benin head?

The price raised eyebrows; the previous record for a Benin head was £780. In 1968 Christie’s sold a Benin head for £21,000. (It had been discovered months earlier by a policeman who was pottering around his neighbour’s greenhouse and noticed something interesting amidst the plants).

What did the Oba of Benin sell off?

Brass, ivory and wooden objects numbering about three thousand were moved to the Western world, including over 1,000 brass plaques appropriated from the Oba’s palace. It is recorded that while a huge number of these art pieces were shipped off; some were “sold in the 1950s & 60s” and even till date are displayed in British Museums.

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