Who ruled Afghanistan?
Since 1978, Afghanistan has been in a state of continuous internal conflict and foreign interventions. The former president Hamid Karzai became the first ever democratically elected head of state of Afghanistan on 7 December 2004. The current president, Ashraf Ghani, has been in power since 29 September 2014.
Does Afghanistan have a royal family?
Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan During his reign, His Majesty Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan.
When did Islam take over Afghanistan?
Islam in Afghanistan began to be practiced after the Arab Islamic conquest of Afghanistan from the 7th to the 10th centuries, with the last holdouts to conversion submitting in the late 19th century.
Are there any countries that are ruled by a king or Queen?
As of 2015, the countries that are ruled by a king or a queen include the United Kingdom, which is ruled by Queen Elizabeth II. Other countries are Denmark ruled by Queen Margrethe II, Norway ruled by King Harald V and Sweden ruled by King Carl XVI Gustav.
When did the British gain control of Afghanistan?
1838-42 – British forces invade, install King Shah Shujah. He is assassinated in 1842. British and Indian troops are massacred during retreat from Kabul. 1878-80 – Second Anglo-Afghan War. A treaty gives Britain control of Afghan foreign affairs. 1919 – Emir Amanullah Khan declares independence from British influence.
Who was the king of Afghanistan during World War 1?
Habibullah Khan, Abdur Rahman’s son, came to the throne in 1901 and kept Afghanistan neutral during World War I, despite German encouragement of anti-British feelings and Afghan rebellion along the borders of British India.
When did the Gondopharid dynasty rule in Afghanistan?
The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty, named after its eponymous first ruler Gondophares. They ruled parts of present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northwestern India, during or slightly before the 1st century AD.