Why did European countries expand into Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.
When did Europe expand to Africa?
The Scramble for Africa, also called the Partition of Africa, Conquest of Africa, or the Rape of Africa, was the invasion, occupation, division, and colonization of most of Africa by seven Western European powers during a short period known to historians as the New Imperialism (between 1881 and 1914).
Why did European nations want to expand?
In the 15th century, Europe sought to expand trade routes to find new sources of wealth and bring Christianity to the East and any newly found lands. This European Age of Discovery saw the rise of colonial empires on a global scale, building a commercial network that connected Europe, Asia, Africa, and the New World.
Who colonized Africa first?
Historians argue that the rushed imperial conquest of the African continent by the European powers started with King Leopold II of Belgium when he involved European powers to gain recognition in Belgium. The Scramble for Africa took place during the New Imperialism between 1881 and 1914.
What are the 3 main reasons for imperialism?
Three factors fueled American Imperialism.
- Economic competition among industrial nations.
- Political and military competition, including the creation of a strong naval force.
- A belief in the racial and cultural superiority of people of Anglo-Saxon descent.
Why did the Europeans want to come to Africa?
Europeans were interested in Africa because of the abundance of raw materials for industries, minerals, cheap labor and to expand their territories. Some of the countries that were especially interested in Africa include Britain, France and Portugal.
Where did the Portuguese go when they came to Africa?
Ghana, formerly Gold Coast, was not the only African country to receive the Portuguese and Portugal was not the only European country to go to Ghana or other parts of Africa. The Europeans were normally given a warm welcome by chiefs and people of the African continent.
How did the expansion of Europe affect the New World?
The West has in its turn been greatly affected by its relations with other peoples. Tobacco, brought into Spain in the midsixteenth century, became essential to the pleasure of many Europeans. Maize, or Indian corn (in Europe corn refers to cereal grains in general), was imported from the New World and widely cultivated in Spain and Italy.
Why did the European expansion start in 1415?
To conclude it is possible to break down the reasons behind Europe’s overseas expansion during the years 1415-1715 into four symptoms: the acquisition of fame through discovery, the expansion of Christendom through crusades, the urgency for basic resources brought on by population pressure, and finally the desire for wealth and economic power.