Why did many European countries search for new sea routes to Africa?

Why did many European countries search for new sea routes to Africa?

For centuries, Arab traders had controlled existing trade routes to Africa and Asia, which meant European merchants were forced to buy from Italian traders at high prices. They wanted to trade directly with Africa and Asia, but this meant that they had to find a new sea route.

What did Europeans hope to gain with exploration?

What did Europeans hope to gain from exploring the New World? Europeans wanted to gain riches from the New World. They also wanted to claim land for their countries. Cortez and Pizarro’s exploration were alike because they both explored the Americas and conquered an area.

What did European explorers want from Africa?

A prime goal for explorers was to locate the source of the River Nile. Expeditions by Burton and Speke (1857–1858) and Speke and Grant (1863) located Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria. It was eventually proved to be the latter from which the Nile flowed.

What was Europe looking for in Africa?

Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes. During the 1800s, Europeans moved further into the continent in search of raw materials and places to build successful colonies.

What were some major effects of European exploration?

European explorations led to the Columbian Exchange and an increase in international trade. European nations competed for colonies. The European economy underwent major changes. Today, as in the days of mercantilism, some groups want to restrict global trade to protect certain jobs and industries from competition.

Why did the Europeans want to explore Africa?

Europeans instead grew rich trading gold, gum, ivory, and enslaved people with coastal merchants. In the late 1700s, a group of British men, inspired by the Enlightenment ideal of learning, decided that Europe should know much more about Africa. They formed the African Association in 1788 to sponsor expeditions to the continent.

Why did the Portuguese explore the west coast of Africa?

Portuguese Exploration. By the 1400s, Portuguese sailors, backed by Prince Henry the Navigator, began exploring the West coast of Africa looking for a mythical Christian king named Prester John and a way to the wealth of Asia that avoided the Ottomans and the powerful empires of South West Asia.

When was the first European map of Africa made?

The Catalan Atlas created in 1375, which includes many African coastal cities, the Nile River, and other political and geographical features shows how much Europe knew about North and West Africa. Portuguese Exploration

How did the discovery of the Horn of Africa change the world?

Soon, Portuguese exploration would change everything. When Vasco de Gama discovered a trade route around the Horn of Africa to India, tiny Portugal became a world power overnight. The European arrival in North America opened even more new trade routes. Spanish settlers sent silver and gold, along with crops like sugar cane back to Europe .

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