Why was the decolonization of Africa important?

Why was the decolonization of Africa important?

Through the process of decolonization that began, in most African territories, at the close of World War II, African leaders gained greater political power under European rule. In the decades that followed independence, they worked to shape the cultural, political, and economic character of the postcolonial state.

What factors influenced decolonization in Africa after World War II?

Factors that led to decolonization:

  • After World War II, European countries lacked the wealth and political support necessary to suppress far-away revolts.
  • They could not oppose the new superpowers the U.S. and the Soviet Union’s stands against colonialism.
  • Strong independence movements in colonies.

Where did the Europeans settle in southern Africa?

Apart from the Portuguese enclaves in Angola and Mozambique, the only other area of European settlement in Southern Africa in the 17th and 18th centuries was the Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope.

Why did Europeans want to colonize Africa and Asia?

European Colonization of Asia, Africa, and the Americas Enduring Understanding: European expansion during the 1600s and 1700s was often driven by economic and technological forces. To understand the influence of these forces, you will compare the differing ways that European nations developed political and economic influences, including trade and

How did the slave Wars affect Southern Africa?

The wars soon resolved themselves into slave-raiding campaigns, as Europeans demanded labour rather than tropical products in exchange for their merchandise, and African societies rapidly exhausted local supplies of war captives and criminals.

How did the expansion of the Portuguese Empire affect Southern Africa?

Expansion inland from Benguela, however, like the initial expansion farther north, was spearheaded by Afro-Portuguese slave traders, who used southern ports to outflank Portuguese control. As the slave frontier moved south, the process of constructing and then destroying slave-trading warrior kingdoms was repeated.

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